Bangladesh Basic Facts



Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizens

Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays

International Dialing Code: +880

Standard Time: BST (GMT +6 Hours)

Capital CityDhaka


Historical Dates


Independence & National Day: 26th March

Victory Day: 16th December

Martyrs’ Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)




Population: 164.6 million (2018)

Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.24

Male : 82.4 million

Female : 82.2 million

Literacy Rate: 73.9% (15+ year age)

Language: Bangla (national language) spoken by 99% and English is widely understood and spoken

Religion: Muslims – 88.4%, Hindus – 10.7%, Buddhists – 0.5%, Christians -0.3%, Others -0.1%.

Population Growth Rate: 1.37%

Fertility Rate: 2.05 children born/woman

Life expectancy: 72.3 years

Men: 70.8 years

Women: 73.8

Ethnic Groups:

Bengalis (98%) and other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya




Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34′ and 26°38′ North Longitude between 88°01′ and 92°41′ East

Area: 147,570 sq. km.




Land boundary:

North – India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) West – India (West Bengal) East – India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar South-Bay of Bengal. Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km) Coastline: 580 km

Maritime boundary: Contiguous zone: 18 nm Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm Territorial sea: 12 nm




Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Administrative Units: 8 Divisions – Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur and Mymensingh 64 Districts 488 Subdistricts/Upazillas

Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.




Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon

Average Temperature: Winter 11° C – 20° C (October – February) Summer 21° C – 38° C (March – September)

Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June – August)

Humidity: Highest 99% (July) Lowest 36% (December & January)



GDP (per capita): US$ 1,827 (2018-19)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 8.13% (2018-19)

Poverty Level: 12.9% (US$ 1.9 per day and 2011 PPP)

Merchandise Import: US$ 55.43 billion (2018-19)

Merchandise Export: US$ 40.53 billion (2018-19)

Remittance from Expatriates: US$ 16.41 billion (2018-19)

Foreign Exchange Reserve: US$ 32.09 billion (July 2019)


US$ 1 = BDT (৳) 84.50 (Aug 2019)

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest exporter in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (2nd largest producer in the world), Chemicals, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, Ships, IT Outsourcing, etc.

Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Principal Minerals: Natural Gas, Coal, White Clay, Glass Sand etc.

Labour Force:

Total: 63.5 million; Male: 43.5 million; Female: 20 million (2016-17)

Distribution of Labor:

Agriculture: 40.6 percent

Industry: 20.4 percent

Others: 39.0 percent

Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways

Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli and Mongla.




Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.

Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox’s Bazar


Information Technology (IT)


Country Domain: .bd

Internet Penetration: 96.19 million (58.43% of population) (June 2019)

Mobile Users: 161.77 million (98.28% of population) (June 2019)


Global Rankings of Bangladesh


  • 8th largest population (5th most densely populated) in the world
  • First Nobel Prize in Asia in any branch (by Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore from Bengal, colonial British India in 1913)
  • Situated on the largest delta (Ganges Delta) in the world
  • Largest mangrove forest (Sundarbans) in the world
  • Longest sandy, unbroken sea (Cox’s Bazaar) beach in the world
  • 4th fastest growing economy in the world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world
  • Largest exporter of jute in the world
  • 2nd most gender equal country in Asia (World Economic Forum)
  • Home to largest development NGO in the world
  • 2nd largest user of solar home systems in the world
  • 2nd largest contributor to UN Peacekeeping Operation