Bangladesh at a Glance

Introduction

Official Name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen.

Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.

International Dialing Code: +880

Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)

Capital CityDhaka

 

Demography

Population: 15.02 crores

Male : 7.635 crores

Female : 7.615 crores

Literacy Rate: 60%

Language: Bangla (national language) spoken by 95% English is widely understood and spoken.

Religion: Muslims – 86.6%, Hindus – 12.1%, Buddhists – 0.6%, Christians -0.4%, Others -0.3%.

Age Structure: 0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457) 15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077) 65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)

Population Growth Rate: 1.37% Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population

Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3

Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman (Ref)

Ethnic Groups: Bengalis (98%) Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.

 

Geography

Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34′ and 26°38′ North Longitude between 88°01′ and 92°41′ East

Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)

 

Boundaries

Land boundary:

North – India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) West – India (West Bengal) East – India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar South-Bay of Bengal. Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km) Coastline: 580 km

Maritime boundary: Contiguous zone: 18 nm Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm Territorial sea: 12 nm

Terrain

Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

7 Divisions – Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur 64 Districts 488 Subdistricts/Upazillas

Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.

 

Climate

Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon

Average Temperature: Winter 11° C – 20° C (October – February) Summer 21° C – 38° C (March – September)

Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June – August)

Humidity: Highest 99% (July) Lowest 36% (December & January)

 

Economy

Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.

GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) (Ref)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)

Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)

Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.

Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.

Currency:

Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳) 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and # 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.

Labour Force:

Total: 54 million Male: 38 million Female: 16 million

Distribution of Labor:

Agriculture: 48.4 percent

Industry: 24.3 percent

Others: 27.3 percent

Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways

Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.

 

Historical Dates

Independence & National Day: 26th March

Victory Day: 16th December

Martyrs’ Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)

 

Tourism

Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.

Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox’s Bazar

 

Information Technology (IT)

  • Country Domain: .bd
  • Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)
  • Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source: www.btrc.gov.bd
  • Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population

 

Global Ranks of Bangladesh

  • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
  • 4th largest country with Muslim population in the world and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
  • 7th most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million population (Ref)
  • Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
  • Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
  • Largest producer of jute (2nd largest grower of vegetable fiber in the world)
  • Sundarbans (shared by Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world