Bangladesh at a Glance


Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizens

Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays

International Dialing Code: +880

Standard Time: BST (GMT +6 Hours)

Capital CityDhaka


Population: 161.65 million (2017)

Gender Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3

Male : 82.02 million

Female : 7.963 million

Literacy Rate: 72.3%

Language: Bangla (national language) spoken by 99% and English is widely understood and spoken

Religion: Muslims – 89.5%, Hindus – 9.6%, Buddhists – 0.5%, Christians -0.3%, Others -0.1%.

Population Growth Rate: 1.37%

Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman

Life expectancy: 71.6 years

Men: 70.3 years

Women: 72.9

Ethnic Groups:

Bengalis (98%) and other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya


Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34′ and 26°38′ North Longitude between 88°01′ and 92°41′ East

Area: 147,570 sq. km.


Land boundary:

North – India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) West – India (West Bengal) East – India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar South-Bay of Bengal. Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km) Coastline: 580 km

Maritime boundary: Contiguous zone: 18 nm Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm Territorial sea: 12 nm


Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Administrative Units: 8 Divisions – Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur and Mymensingh 64 Districts 488 Subdistricts/Upazillas

Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.


Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon

Average Temperature: Winter 11° C – 20° C (October – February) Summer 21° C – 38° C (March – September)

Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June – August)

Humidity: Highest 99% (July) Lowest 36% (December & January)

Global Ranks of Bangladesh

  • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
  • Situated on Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world
  • Sundarbans has the largest mangrove forest in the world
  • Cox’s Bazaar is the longest sandy sea beach in world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world
  • Largest exporter of jute in the world
  • One of the largest contributors to UN Peacekeeping
  • Home of largest development NGOs in the world


Recognitions: Bangladesh, a lower middle-income country, has been classified as a "Next Eleven" emerging market and a "Frontier Five" emerging economy by Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan respectively

GDP (per capita): US$1,602 (2016-17)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 7.24% (2016-17)

Poverty Level: 12.9% (US$ 1.9 per day and 2011 PPP)

Merchandise Import: US$ 47.01 billion (2016-17)

Merchandise Export: US$ 34.84 billion (2016-17)

Remittance from expatriates: US$ 12.77 billion (2016-17)

Foreign exchange reserve: US$ 33.36 billion (21 August 2017)

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.

Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.


US$ = 80.36 Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)

Labour Force:

Total: 54 million Male: 38 million Female: 16 million

Distribution of Labor:

Agriculture: 48.4 percent

Industry: 24.3 percent

Others: 27.3 percent

Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways

Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli and Mongla.

Historical Dates

Independence & National Day: 26th March

Victory Day: 16th December

Martyrs’ Day: 21st February (also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)


Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.

Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox’s Bazar

Information Technology (IT)

  • Country Domain: .bd
  • Internet Penetration: 72 million (44.43% of population)
  • Mobile Users: 135 million (83.3% of population)